Privacy Policy and Disclaimer


1. Our Commitment to Privacy

The National Council for Law Reporting values your privacy. To better protect your privacy we provide this notice explaining our online information practices and the choices you can make about the way your information is collected and used. To make this notice easy to find, we make it available on our home page and at every point where personally identifiable information may be requested.

2. Acceptance Privacy Policy Terms

Please note that our Privacy Policy applies to the “ ” Web Site only. Your usage of this Web Site constitutes acceptance of this privacy policy and any modifications made to it.

3. Application of Privacy Policy

This Policy applies only to the information collected by the National Council for Law Reporting from the users of our Web Site ( It does not apply to information collected by us in any other way, including offline.

4. Links

Our Web Site contains links to other web sites operated by third parties. We are not responsible for the privacy practices or policies of such third party web sites and this Policy does not apply to those web sites.

5. The Information We Collect
a) Non-Personal Information Collected and How it is Used

Our Web Site is not set up to automatically collect personally identifiable information from each visitor to our Web Site. It does recognize the home server of visitors,but not e-mail addresses. For example,we can tell which Internet Service Provider our visitors use,but not the names,addresses or other information about our visitors that would allow us to identify the particular visitors to our Web Site. The technical information we do collect is used only for internal purposes by our technical support staff.

Our Web Site does track certain information about the visits to our Web Site. For example,we compile statistics that show the numbers and frequency of visitors to our Web Site and its individual pages. These aggregated statistics are used internally to improve our Web Site and for product development and marketing purposes generally. Those aggregated statistics may also be provided to advertisers and other third parties,but again,the statistics contain no personal information and cannot be used to gather such information.

b) Personal Information Collected

In a few areas on our Web Site,we ask you to provide information that will enable us to verify whether you are entitled to access and use certain information, materials and services available from our Web Site,to enable us to enhance your site visit,to assist you with customer service or technical support issues, to follow up with you after your visit,or to otherwise support your customer relationship with us. Providing such information is completely optional. However,failure to provide it may mean that you cannot access and use certain information,materials and services.

For example,we request information from you when you:

  • Log-on to certain areas of our Web Site,such as the Research System,where you may be prompted to provide us with your Kenya Law Reports ID number and password as a condition to gaining access to certain information,materials or services
  • Subscribe to a product information newsletter,ask to be added to our mailing lists to receive information about our products or services,register for a seminar or notify us of a change of address
  • Place an order
  • Participate in a promotional offer
  • Provide feedback in an online survey

In each of the instances above,we typically ask for your name,e-mail address,phone number,address,law practice information,product preference information,as well as other similar personal information that is needed to register or subscribe you to services or offers. On occasion,we may ask for additional information to enable us to provide you with access to and use of certain information,materials and services. In the case of product information newsletters or direct or electronic mailing lists,you will be able to "unsubscribe" to these mailings at any time.

6. How We Use Personal Information

The National Council for Law Reporting uses your personal information only for specific purposes. The personal information you provide to us when using our Web Site, such as your name,postal or e-mail address or telephone number will be kept confidential and used to support your customer relationship with Kenya Law Reports,and to notify you of special offers,updated information and new products and services from Kenya Law Reports,or offers from third parties that we think may be of interest to you. Agents or contractors of Kenya Law Reports who are given access to your personal information will be required to keep the information confidential and not use it for any other purpose than to carry out the services they are performing for Kenya Law Reports.

Kenya Law Reports may enhance or merge your personal information collected at its Web Site with data from third parties for purposes of marketing products or services to you.

Circumstances may arise where we are required to disclose your personal information to third parties for purposes other than to support your customer relationship with us, such as in connection with a corporate divestiture or dissolution where we sell all or a portion of our business or assets (including our associated customer lists containing your personal information),or if disclosure is permitted or required by law (for example, in connection with judicial proceedings or governmental investigations).

7. Opting Out or Unsubscribing

We will send you information about our various products and services or other products or services we feel may be of interest to you. Only the National Council for Law Reporting (or agents or contractors working on our behalf under confidentiality agreements) will send you these direct or electronic mailings. If you do not wish to receive such mailings, you can request to be removed from either our direct or electronic mailing lists at any time by emailing us at

8. Our Commitment to Data Security

To prevent unauthorized access, maintain data accuracy,and ensure the correct use of information,we have put into place appropriate procedures to safeguard and secure the information we collect online through firewalls and encryption technology.

9. Amendments

We reserve the right to amend this Privacy Policy at any time. Changes will be posted on this Web Site.

10 . How to Contact Us

If you would like to contact us for any reason regarding our privacy practices,to request a copy of the personal information that Kenya Law Reports has collected about you,or to have inaccuracies or omissions in this information corrected via the Internet,contact


Not Legal Advice, Web Site and Services Disclaimer and Limitation of Liability.

The National Council for Law Reporting’s web pages (HTML and other documents stored on the server WWW.KENYALAW.ORG as well as any documents ordered or received via the any of our services have been prepared for informational purposes only and are not legal advice. Transmission and/or receipt of any information contained in our web pages or any documents received through any of our services does not constitute an attorney-client relationship. Such information should not be acted upon without seeking advice from a lawyer.

Web Site and Services Disclaimer and Limitation of Liability

While the National Council for Law Reporting makes every effort to ensure that the information contained on its website is accurate, up-to-date and relevant, this information as well as any documents ordered or received via the any of our services are subject to change and may be incomplete, no longer current at a particular point in time or inaccurate due to human error. We disclaim all liability for these errors or omissions. Further, the information obtained on our website as well as any documents ordered or received via the any of our services is provided on an "as is" basis and we make no representations or warranties of any kind with respect to the information. We disclaim all such representations and warranties, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.

The National Council for Law Reporting, its employees, or other representatives will not be liable for damages arising out of or in connection with the use of information stored or obtained from our website. This is a comprehensive limitation of liability that applies to all damages of any kind,including (without limitation) compensatory, direct, indirect, or consequential damages, oss of data, income, or profit, loss of or damage to property, and claims of third parties.

Online Services: Terms of Use


By using the National Council for Law Reporting’s web pages, users agree to abide by the conditions specified in this disclaimer notice and/or their contract(s) with us.

Communications via Web Site

All messages received or sent by us and any continuing electronic mail messages are our property. We shall not be required to answer in a timely fashion or at all any message or other communication received via our website.

Deep Linking

Web sites may NOT link to any portion of our web pages with the without prior written consent from us.


By using the our web pages or any of our online services, the user agrees to the jurisdiction of the courts of Kenya, and to the application of the Laws of Kenya.

External Links
The National Council for Law Reporting is not associated with, nor does it endorse, any external sites to which it links except as explicitly noted within our website.

The National Council for Law Reporting; Kenya Law Reports, KLR, eKLR, Case Search, Laws of Kenya, Judicial Profiles, Kenya Gazette, Bench Update, Bench Bulletin, Articles and Commentaries, Daily Cause List, Kenya Law Online, Case of the Week and the eKLR and KLR logos, all icons, pictures and illustrations used on this website are, unless where the contrary is expressly stated, the trademarks or service marks or property of the National Council for Law Reporting.


In law, there is no copyright in the text of the Laws of Kenya and of the text of the Judicial Opinions of the Courts of Kenya. However, the National Council for Law Reporting holds the copyright in the structure and representation of this information on its website. Subject to what is stated herebelow with respect to a premium information service, all information on the Council’s website is public information and the use of it is not subject to any legal restrictions, save that it should be accurately presented and its source duly acknowledged.

The National Council for Law Reporting is a public body established under the National Council for Law Reporting Act (Act No. 11 of 1994). As a member of the Free Access to Law Movement, the Council espouses the following principles outlined in the Montreal Declaration of Free Access to Law:

  • Public legal information from all countries and international institutions is part of the common heritage of humanity. Maximizing access to this information promotes justice and the rule of law;
  • Public legal information is digital common property and should be accessible to all on a non-profit basis and free of charge;
  • Organizations such as legal information institutes have the right to publish public legal information and the government bodies that create or control that information should provide access to it so that it can be published by other parties.
  • However, without prejudicing public access to primary sources of statutory and judge-made law in their basic form, the Council may charge a nominal fee for a premium information service in order to meet the costs of and ensure the sustainability of its operations. Where such a service is provided, the Council may necessarily assert its copyright and impose certain restrictions on the use of the information provided through that service.
  • As such, and subject to the foregoing, the National Council for Law Reporting imposes no restrictions to the reproduction, re-publication and re-distribution of any information published on its website. All persons who reproduce, re-publish or redistribute the information are to ensure that they do not use the information in a way that suggests any official status or that the National Council for Law Reporting endorses them or their use of the information unless such endorsement has been previously expressly provided; ensure that they do not mislead others or misrepresent the information or its source; ensure that their use of the information does not breach the rights of individuals and other parties particularly the right to individual privacy, copyright and all other rights granted by law.